Periodontal disease also known as gum disease. Periodontal means around the tooth and refers to any disorder of the gums and jawbone.It is caused by bacteria in plaque that builds up between gums and teeth. This can cause the gums to become inflamed. If left untreated this inflammation can cause the gums and supporting bone to deteriorate.
If left untreated gums can recede from teeth (gingivitis) and teeth can become loose or even fall out.
In the early stages of periodontal disease there can be almost no detectable symptoms so it is best to visit your dentist every 6 months for a checkup.
- Bright red or purple gums.
- Swollen gums.
- Bleeding gums, particularly when brushing teeth.
- Gums tender to the touch.
- Bad breath.
- Bad taste in the mouth.
Ways to prevent gum disease
Brush effectively with a good tooth brush and good brushing technique. You are never to old to ask your dentist about this.
Flossing at least once a day and use an rinsing your mouth with an effective mouth wash.
Avoid foods that are high in sugar. Bacteria thrive on sugar and this causes more sugar. Eat a diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Chewing crunchy food like raw apples and carrots, seeds and nuts, can help in the prevention and treatment of gingivitis. Chewing on fresh, crunchy food massages the gums, increasing the blood flow to the area and boosting local immune response. Chew each mouthful of food well. One study showed that eating a raw apple has been found to be 30 per cent more effective than an immediate brushing. Chewing also increases the flow of saliva.
Regular dental checkups. The Australian Dental Association recommends regular 6 monthly dental checkups. Book an appointment with us today to discuss best method of brushing, recommended tooth brushes, how to floss.
Although located in the mouth, periodontal disease has other health implications. The toxins created by the bacteria in the gums are involved in heart disease, diabetes and even miscarriages. So prevention and early detection is best.